Group name. The Eurasian lynx eats a wide range of prey species but are specialist roe deer hunters in particular. As with other cats, taking on larger prey presents a risk to the animal. in more eastern longitudes, but there is lack of information on the southernmost populations of the Eurasian lynx in Turkey. Get BigCatsWildCats updates and wild cat news from around the world. Their paws are like snowshoes , which increases their mobility in colder climates. 51 (1) : 91-98 NAIDENKO (S.V.) [2][3] Even where roe deer are quite uncommon, as in Sweden, the deer are still the favored prey species, though in summer smaller prey and occasional domestic sheep are eaten. [3] In some areas of Poland and Austria, red deer are the preferred prey and, in Switzerland, chamois are taken. 1920x1200 Wide 16:10 Resolutions: 960x600 1152x720 1280x800 1440x900 1680x1050 ... Download. The Eurasian lynx thus prefers fairly large ungulate prey, especially during winter when small prey is less abundant. 2007, Schmidt 2008). Conservation Status: Least Concern, population is stable. and males up to 66 lbs. The Balkan lynx is a rare subspecies of the Eurasian Lynx. Eurasian lynx hunt for small, hoofed animals, like deer. Although listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List, the Eurasian Lynx is endangered in several countries like Croatia, Macedonia, Albania and Slovenia. Currently there are approximately 2,800 living in the Carpathian Mountains and 2,000 living in Romania. With the expansion of human settlements and the overhunting of both the animals themselves and their prey base, such predators were soon wiped out by early medieval times. Eurasian Lynx. Other threats include agriculture, ranching, mining, roads, railroad, logging and invasive species and diseases. Lynx are solitary creatures. They are the only Lynx species in which ungulates provide more of their diet than lagomorphs or rodents. The Eurasian lynx is known by many names, including the Siberian lynx, European lynx, Russian lynx and Northern lynx. There are 6 recognized subspecies of Eurasian Lynx and 3 more have been proposed by scientists. The juvenile rate of mortality is high.[1]. Efforts are currently underway to reintroduce the Eurasian lynx in various European countries. The Eurasian lynx can tread up to 20 km (12 mi) during one night, although about half this distance is more typical. In Switzerland roe deer and chamois constitute 88% of the prey taken by lynx. Here it is faced with habitat destruction and persecution which includes the hunting down of its prey. & ANTONEVICH (A. The hunting area of Eurasian lynx can be anything from 20 to 450 km 2 (8 to 174 sq mi), depending on the local availability of prey. In Europe, the Eurasian lynx can hunt a wide variety of prey. The Iberian lynx preys foremost on the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) for the bulk of its diet, supplemented by red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa), rodents and to a smaller degree also on wild ungulates. The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) preys on small ungulates such as roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in Europe, and on hares (Lepus spp.) At other times they are very quiet, thought they will mew, growl, hiss purr and chatter at prey that is out of reach, in the manner of a domestic cat. Males are larger and more robust than females.[1]. If it fails to catch its prey on the first attempt, it gives up.The Eurasian lynx is a solitary animal that hunts by getting as close to its prey as possible without being detected. Although the three Lynx will make Island history when they arrive, there would have been lynx roaming the British Isles many years ago, along with other large predators such as wolves and bears. During summer months it can vary in color from reddish looking to brown. Behaviour. Terrestrial. destruction (wild cats), clowder, clutter, pounce . The Eurasian lynx thus prefers fairly large ungulate prey, especially during winter when small prey is less abundant. Although once found throughout Europe, Eurasian lynx populations have nearly  disappeared in that region. Eurasian lynx, the only large felid in Europe, are a primary predator of medium sized ungulates (Odden et al. This includes birds, ungulates such as deer and young moose, rabbits, hares, dormice, squirrels, and even wild boar. Data on the age and sex structure of the standing population were also collected. They are most active during early morning and evening. The Eurasian lynx can prey on roe deer and other mediumsmall ungulates such as musk-deer (Moschus, similar to small deer), young of red deer, fallow deer, sika deer, and reindeer. The Eurasian lynx will stalk or ambush their prey. Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) with a prey. In the winter, their becomes much thicker and turns to a grey-silver or brown color. 2010 From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, "Variation in diet, prey selectivity and home-range size of Eurasian lynx, 10.2981/0909-6396(2007)13[393:VIDPSA]2.0.CO;2, Diet of Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx in the northern Dinaric Mountains (Slovenia and Croatia), Eurasian Lynx Online Information System for Europe, Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan,, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. In captivity, they have lived up to 20 years. This page was last changed on 28 June 2018, at 00:14. The main prey of the lynx is small, hoofed animals, such as roe deer. Eurasian lynx are secretive, and because the sounds they make are very quiet and seldom heard, their presence in an area may go unnoticed for years. In Europe, hunting and habitat loss has seen the animal’s distribution shrink severely over the last centuries – Scandinavia and the Carpathian Mountains are its remaining strongholds.
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